Viglione Antonio & Figli, Roero, a territory of hills
Winegrowing in the Roero, like in the rest of Piedmont, started in ancient times with the Greeks; then the Romans carried on this activity, devoting a lot of attention to the vineyards and the cellars and introducing new concepts (wooden barrels and underground cellars), and so favouring an increase in the quality of the wines of this territory.
From a geological point of view, the Roero area emerged from the ancient see that occupied the Po Valley in the Cenozoic Era (between 65 and 1.8 million years ago); in particular, it probably emerged during the last part of such Era, the Pliocene Epoch (between 5.3 and 1.8 million years ago). It is therefore a younger territory if compared to the majority of Piedmont, and this is the reason why the soil is characterised by calcareous marl and sandy layers that make the substrate softer and more favourable for the roots of plants, including vines.
From a morphological point of view, the hills are steep, very difficult to cultivate and well exposed to the sun. This is why people have been planting and growing vines for centuries.
From a climatic point of view, the Roero area is similar to the rest of Piedmont: it is influenced by a cold-mild climate, suitable for the production of fruity and fragrant wines that, despite time, reveal a strong bond with the plant they are made from. These wines resist to time and highlight the differences among the various vintages. Each harvest is therefore a work of art.